Hariyali Teej is an important hindu festival in India, majorly celebrated in northern states of India such as Bihar, Rajasthan, Uttar-Pradesh, Madhya-Pradesh and Haryana. Hariyali Teej is observed on the third day of Shukla Paksha of Shravan Maas which brings prosperity and happiness all over. This auspicious ceremony is marked by fasting of women in reverence of Lord Shiva and his consort Goddess Parvati in order to seek blessings for marital bliss.
The festival marks the beginning of monsoon with the opulence of green surroundings, hence it is known as ‘Hariyali Teej’. Women sing songs and play on swings. The atmosphere becomes light and refreshing. It is also known as ‘Shravani Teej’ as it falls in the month of Shravan.
There are three types of Teej, celebrated during the Shravan Maas:-
- First is Hariyali Teej aka Chhoti Teej or Shravani Teej.
- This is followed by Kajari Teej aka Badi Teej which falls after fifteen days of Hariyali Teej.
- The third type of Teej is Haritalika Teej which comes after a month of Hariyali Teej which is observed on the third day of the bright fortnight of Hindu month Bhadrapada.
Why do we celebrate Teej ?
It is believed that on this day Goddess Parvati came to Lord Shiva’s abode symbolizing the union of husband and wife. It took Goddess Parvati 108 years of rigorous fasting and worshipping to attain Lord Shiva’s love and attention. While, as per some scriptures she was born 107 times before her birth as Parvati and in her 108th birth she was granted a boon to be a consort of Lord Shiva. Teej signifies the sacrifice of a woman for her husband to win his heart and mind. It is celebrated in the honour of Goddess Parvati’s great devotion and sacrifice. Therefore, she is also known as ‘Teej Mata’. Those who observe fast on this auspicious day, seek the blessings of Goddess Parvati for happy married life and a husband like Lord Shiva.
While ritual fasting is central to Teej, the entire ceremony is marked by colourful celebrations. The day brings great affluence and happiness particularly for womenfolk, with swings, songs and dance, and with an opportunity to renew family bonds. Green is the colour for the day. Married women and girls rejoice this day with earnest devotion and enthusiasm. Applying mehendi or alta on hands and feet is regular custom observed. However, in case of newly married woman, she goes to her parent’s home and is offered sindhara by her in-laws. Sindhara includes ornaments, clothes, mehendi, sweets (particularly ghewar), beauty products etc.
This was all about Hariyali Teej and the way it is celebrated in our country.We wish Happy Hariyali Teej to all the women out there! Enjoy this blissful ceremony on 5th August, 2016.