26 Aug

The ultimate saviour, a true friend and a charmer with a melodious flute is Lord Krishna. Ancient scriptures witness the spontaneity and wit with which Lord Krishna concluded the event of his birth. Mother Earth, unable to bear the burden of sins appealed to Brahma, the creator for help. Lord Brahma then prayed to the Supreme Lord Vishnu , who assured him that he would soon be born on earth to eliminate the evil forces.

Being famous for his flirtatious wit, Lord Krishna is the soulmate to his 16,108 wives. Interestingly, according to scriptures out of 16,108, he chiefly had 8 wives because of that he is known as Ashtabharya (ashta=eight, bharya=wife).There are different branches of thought here. One of which says that the 16100 were in fact prisoners of Narakasura. When Krishna defeated Narakasura, the princesses were free. Having been ostracized from society the free prisoners sought Krishna’s help and He being the generous and righteous King gave them the title of his Queen. Although a different school of thpught also believes that 16100 were His gopikas, who did not want to marry any one else but Krishna, who thus remained unmarried throughout their lives.

As per Bhagvata puran, his 8 wives are:

1. RUKMINI

Rukmini , popularly known as Patrani  was the daughter of Bhishmaka, the king of Vidarbha. She is considered to be the incarnation of goddess Lakshmi who wanted to be with her husband Lord Vishnu on earth.

Rukmini secretly developed love for Lord Krishna in her heart, listening to his virtuous stories through his maidens. Going against the wish of her brother and father, Rukmini wrote a letter to Krishna expressing her love and her brother's plans to get her married to Shishupala. Krishna took her away from a temple in Vidarbha where she was waiting for her beloved. Although it was not easy for Lord Krishna, as Rukmini's brother Rukmi gave him a strong fight where He came out victorous and forgave Rukmi on Rukmini's pleadings.

2. SATYABHAMA

Satyabhama is considered to be the incarnation of Mother earth. Her father Satrajit owned a divine jewel called syamantaka. Lord Krishna told Satrajit to send the jewel to Ugrasena so that it could be guarded safely. Satrajit's brother Prasena took the jewel and on his way he was attacked and killed by a lion. Meanwhile Jambava (who lived from the time of Sri Rama) found the jewel and gave it to his daughter (Jambavati) to play with. 

Listening to his brother's demise and missing syamantaka, he accused Krishna of it. Lord Krishna then went in search of the jewel  and found it with Jambava. He fought with him for 28 days for the jewel, when Jambava finally surrendered and recognized Krishna to be the incarnation of Rama. Jambava prayed to Krishna to marry his daughter and thus Krishna married Jambavati.

Krishna returned the jewel to Satrajit, when satrajit came to know of the happenings he asked Krishna's forgiveness and gave his daughter Satyabhama's hand in marriage to Krishna.

 3. JAMBAVATI

Jambavati was married to Krishna after he won a fight with her father.

4. KALINDI

A deity of river Yamuna, as per legends she is considered to be the daughter of Surya (Sun God). Once Krishna and Arjuna were hunting and resting along the coast of Yamuna. They saw a young girl walking on the banks, Krishna asked Arjuna to enquire who she was, when Arjuna asked her about her identity , she said she is the daughter of Sun god and was in penance and is desiring to marry Lord Vishnu. 

Krishna being an incarnation of Lord Vishnu thus married her.

5. MITRAVINDA

She was a cousin of Shri Krishna, her brothers wanted her to marry Duryodhana and arranged for a Swayamvara, where Krishna and Balarama were not invited. , Balarama knowing of Mitravinda's affection for Krishna advised Krishna to abduct her. Krishna being not sure of Mitravinda's wishes took his sister Subhadra with him, who spoke to Mitravinda and confirmed her love for Krishna. Thus knowing of her affection for him, Krishna abducted her and married her.

6. NAGNAJITI

Nagnajiti was the daughter of King Nagnajit of Kosala. The King had taken a vow of giving his daughter's hand in marriage to the person who tames his 7 bulls and puts noose on them successfully. Many had tried but failed. 

When Krishna heard about this he went to Kosala. On his arrival he was greeted by the king and worshipped by him. Krishna then expressed his intent to marry his daughter. He mentioned about his vow and asked Krishna to complete the task before having her hand in marriage. Krishna assumed 7 forms and tamed all of them at once, thus took her hand in marriage.

7. BHADRA

The Bhagavata Purana gives her the epithet Kaikeyi, the princess of the Kaikeya kingdom. She was the daughter of King Dhrishtaketu and his wife Shrutakirti, the sister of Kunti and the cousin of Vasudeva (Krishna's father) and thus Krishna's cousin. Bhadra's five brothers headed by the eldest prince Santardana married Bhadra to Krishna.

8. LAKSHMANA

Lakshmana's father the King of Madra had arranged for a swayamvara, where the archers had to shoot the target to win the hand of bride in marriage. Among all the princes gathered, Duryodhana and Jarasandha missed the target while Krishna hit the target. It is believed that Arjuna who was also present there had missed the target intentionally. 

Love lives in his flute and thus He had managed to keep 16108 wives.

#jaishreekrishna