Kamakhya temple is known to be the most auspicious places in the country. It is a popular Hindu shrine dedicated to the Mother Goddess ‘Kamakhya’ also known by the name of ‘Bleeding Goddess’.
‘Kamakhya’ is one of the oldest ‘shakti peeths’ out of the total 51 ‘shakti peeths’ in India. As per a prominent belief ‘shakti peeths’ are the places where the parts of ‘Devi Sati’ have fallen when Lord Shiva was wandering throughout the Aryavartha in sorrow carrying the corpse of Devi Sati.spring turns to red when the Goddess is said be going through her yearly Menstrual cycle, lately the holy water is distributed among the devotees. During this time, the Temple remains closed for three days and on the fourth day, it is an event of grand celebration with the Special Puja of “Ambuwasi Puja” held in Kamakhya temple.
The Temple is situated at the tip of the Ninanchal hill (approximately 800 feet above the sea level) in the western part of the Guwahati City. There is no sculpture of goddess found in the entire temple, but in the corner of cave there is a sculpted image of ‘Yoni’ of the Goddess, which is the object of veneration.
The temple is comprised of three major sections. The western section is large and rectangular and is not used by general pilgrims for worship. The middle section is a square with a small statue of the Goddess, a later addition while, the walls of third section contain carved images of Nara Narayana and related engravings of other Gods. The present construction has a beehive-like spire with enchanting sculptured panels and images of Ganesha and other Hindu Gods and Goddesses on the outside.
The story behind the establishment of this temple is; it is said that once king Daksha, Father of ‘Devi Sati’ was having a yagna, where he didn’t invite Devi Sati and Lord Shiva. Devi Sati was very upset with this, but she still went to her father’s palace. When she reached there, her father insulted her and Lord Shiva. Devi Sati was unable to bear this disrespect for her husband Shiva, hence she pushed herself in the ‘yagna’ fire.
When Lord Shiva came to know about this, he got very angry. Enraged Shiva wandered holding the body of Sati in his arms. He started Tandava, the dance of destruction. Lord Vishu in order to save the universe from Lord Shiva rage cut the body of Sati into pieces with his Sudarshan chakra. The body parts of Sati fell at different places and hence these places are known as shakti peeths. In Kamakhya temple, yoni of the Goddess fell, hence the significance.
Some of the interesting facts about the Kamakhya Devi temple, Assam:
1. The enthralling fact about this temple is, the natural spring flows under the temple keeps the stone moist all the time and the colour of the spring turns to red when the Goddess is said be going through her yearly menstrual cycle, lately the holy water is distributed among the devotees.
2. The temple has been destroyed in early 16th century and then rebuilt in the 17th century by the Hindu King ‘Nara Narayana’ of Cooch Bihar.