Pushkar is one of the most prevalent pilgrimages in India. Located to the northwest of Ajmer, the city is based on the height of 510 meters. Pushkar is enclosed by hillocks from three sides. Besides an interesting mythological history, a legacy of exquisite architectural heritage makes Pushkar an incredible city. In Hinduism the journey to Pushkar is considered so pious that it must be undertaken once in a lifetime to attain moksha.
The temple in Pushkar is known to be the only temple of Lord Brahma in the world. As per a vedic scripture Padma Purana, ‘Brahma’ the creator of universe, once saw the demon Vajranabha who has spread the nuisance in the entire city. He immediately killed the demon with his weapon, the lotus-flower. In the whole course the lotus petals fell into three places, forming three lakes: the Pushkar Lake (also known as Jyeshtha Lake), the Madya Pushkar (middle pushkar) and the Kanishta Pushkar (lowest or youngest Pushkar) lake.
The story behind , once in order to complete his yajna to sanctify the place Pushkar Lord Brahma requested god Indra- the king of heaven - to find a suitable girl for him to get married to him to complete yajna as his wife Savitri could not be appeared at that moment. Indra could find only a Gujar's daughter ( a milkmaid) who was sanctified by passing through the body of a cow. Lord Vishnu, Shiva and other priests certified her purity as she had passed through a cow and it was her second birth and thus named Gayatri. Lord Brahma then married Gayatri and completed the yajna with his new consort sitting beside him, holding the pot of amrit on her head and they gave ahuti. Finding Gayatri at her place Savitri cursed Lord Brahma to be never worshipped. But knowing the whole story she diluted her curse and permitted his worship in Pushkar. Savitri even cursed others; she cursed Indra to be easily defeated in battles, Lord Vishnu to suffer separation with his wife in human life, the fire-god Agni to be all-devouring and the officiating priests to be poor.
Gayatri however endowed with the powers of yajna, reduced all the curses afterwards, blessing Pushkar to be the King of pilgrimages, Indra would always retain his heaven, Vishnu would be incarnated as Rama and finally unite with his companion and the priests would become scholars and always be revered. Thus, the Pushkar temple is regarded as the only temple dedicated to Lord Brahma. Savitri, thereafter, moved to Ratnagiri hill and became a part of it in the form of a spring known as the Savitri Jharna, and today an existing temple there marks her presence.
The tranquil place Pushkar holds a special place in the heart of Hindus. The temple is constructed with marble and is ornated with silver coins; this temple is exemplified through its red spire. The mural of swan which is considered to be Brahmaji’s ‘Vahana’ is the point of attraction in temple. The magnificent idol of Lord Brahma which is four faced is placed in the ‘Garbha Griha’ of temple. A marble statue of the sun god stands sentinel at the temple. However, while all the Gods are shown bare footed, Surya is the only one wearing ancient warrior’s boots.
Some of the interesting facts about The Brahma temple, Pushkar:
- On ‘Kartik Poornima’ which is between October-November generally, a devout festival is held in the honour of Lord Brahma. Thousands of devotees come to bathe in sacred Pushkar Lake neighbouring to the temple. Many rituals are held in this prospect and special rites are accomplished on all full moon and no moon nights. An
- Pushkar Lake gives you another reason to visit this temple. The sacred lake is identified as ‘Tirtha Raj’ which means the king of all the pilgrimage sites. It is believed that no pilgrimage is completed until you take a dip in Pushkar Lake. It is 8-10 meters deep and surrounded by 52 bathing Ghats over 400 temples which makes it a sight of ecstasy to behold. The panorama is also known as ‘the rose garden of Rajasthan’ the soul of the famous Pushkar, it is said that the roses from here are exported to all over the world.